How transportation can help with chronic absenteeism
Written by Karen Sampson
The challenges schools have faced — and continue to grapple with — post-pandemic are many and varied. The scope of the devastating long-term impact on students due to issues like pandemic-related learning loss continues to be revealed.
There's one issue in particular that stubbornly persists despite assumptions that it wouldn't: kids aren't showing up to school. According to data from Attendance Works — a national and state initiative that promotes awareness of the important role that school attendance plays in achieving academic success — about 8 million students in the U.S. were considered chronically absent before the pandemic. Estimates indicate that number had likely doubled to around 16 million by the spring of 2022.
Below, we explore this important issue and examine how current challenges schools are grappling with, such as staff and bus driver shortages, are inadvertently contributing to the problem. Finally, we'll take a look at how transportation solutions like HopSkipDrive can help districts address this issue and get students back in the classroom.
Chronic absenteeism was a problem even before COVID-19
Much like bus driver shortages, chronic absenteeism is an existing problem plaguing schools across the country that has only worsened due to the pandemic. According to EdSource, factors such as required quarantines, disengagement from school, independent study and remote learning options, and mental health issues — including feelings of overwhelm and fear or anxiety — are all contributing to a surge in student absenteeism.
While complete attendance data for the current school year isn’t yet fully available, school districts and state and government educational agencies are understandably keeping a close eye on things. And many are sounding the alarm bell based on the data they've gathered since schools reopened:
- Attendance rates have worsened over each of the last three years in Anne Arundel County Public Schools located outside Baltimore, Maryland.
- California has reported that rates of chronically absent students in 2021-2022 nearly tripled statewide to record levels compared to before the pandemic.
- Nearly 40% of schools have reported a spike in chronic absenteeism from the 2021 and 2022 school years, according to the National Center for Education Statistics.
- In the 2021-2022 school year, 45.2% of all Los Angeles Unified School District students were chronically absent.
Based on these numbers, it seems clear that chronic absenteeism is a bigger problem for schools post-COVID — and it's one that has significant long-term consequences for students.
The correlation between attendance and student success
In the first month of school, absenteeism correlates to poor attendance throughout the school year. Half the students who miss two to four days in September will go on to miss nearly a month of school that year, qualifying those students as “chronically absent.” By sixth grade, chronic absenteeism becomes a leading indicator that a student will drop out of high school.
Chronic absenteeism can contribute to numerous educational challenges for students including difficulty learning to read, limited achievement in middle school and a lower chance of graduating from high school.
Historically, absenteeism has been misunderstood as a failure of parenting or even a moral failure of the student or family to adequately prioritize school attendance. This flawed understanding of chronic absenteeism relegated schools to punishing truancy as a form of juvenile delinquency, which often worsened attendance and related outcomes.
We understand now that many factors outside the control of students and parents contribute to chronic absenteeism. Kids may face developmental challenges such as ADHD, chronic illnesses like asthma, mental health challenges like phobias or depression, or even school-related anxiety or bullying that may worsen absenteeism and tip it into the chronic zone.
A lack of safe, reliable transportation is a significant factor, too
Another critical reason kids are missing way too much school: no consistent way to get there. When children cannot secure a ride to and from school, getting there is impossible — unless they live within walking distance. Limited access to transportation is a common issue in poor and geographically isolated areas, and it often impacts vulnerable students such as those experiencing homelessness and foster youth.
Now, with severe school bus driver shortages, a traditional ride on a big yellow bus is becoming harder to come by. More and more, it’s looking like school districts will need to rely on new solutions — including alternative forms of student transportation (like public transportation vouchers, private cars or a transportation network company like HopSkipDrive) — to ensure their most at-risk students make it to school regularly.
Whether there’s no reliable car, parents have work commitments or school is just too far away, the factors that contribute to chronic absenteeism are numerous. And while none of them can be easily solved, student transportation kids can rely on can make a huge difference.
Now, there’s a new partnership to reduce chronic absenteeism
Enter the experts. With a more holistic and less punitive approach, FutureEd — a think tank affiliated with Georgetown University’s McCourt School of Public Policy — has partnered with Attendance Works to publish the “Attendance Playbook: Smart Solutions for Reducing Chronic Absenteeism in the COVID Era.”
According to FutureEd, this important resource reflects “schools’ realities during and after the pandemic” and “offers ideas for how to encourage and track attendance during distance learning.” It also includes more than two dozen “effective and readily scalable approaches” to help schools decrease chronic absenteeism.
These strategies address such things as:
- The importance of effective messaging about attendance
- The role attendance plays in promoting student achievement
- Creating a welcoming school climate and building a sense of belonging
- Tackling barriers to getting to school
Much-needed solutions ensure educational access for all
Per the Attendance Playbook, “One in four African-American households and one in six Latinx households do not own a car, compared to one in 15 white households.” Rural students who live far from district bus routes can also be disadvantaged when it comes to having access to consistent, reliable transportation.
To address mobility as a barrier to attendance, FutureEd prescribes a range of targeted transportation solutions that includes HopSkipDrive. As a team with education and academic pursuit in its DNA, we’re proud and honored to be mentioned in this context — and we’re eager to work with any school or district that is looking for help with chronic absenteeism intervention.
Transportation equals access to opportunity — and every child is deserving of a high-quality education. By pursuing our mission of “creating opportunity for all through mobility,” we aim to even the playing field for children everywhere.
We’re so appreciative to FutureEd and Attendance Works for elevating this issue in our national dialogue, and providing practical, immediate solutions to this complicated problem.
Interested in partnering with HopSkipDrive to get chronically absent students back in the classroom?